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Low T describes a condition where abnormally low levels of the male sex hormone testosterone are found in the blood.

While testosterone levels will fall slightly with age, Low T can occurs due to a number of conditions affecting the glands that regulate and produce this hormone.

These may include:

  • Injury to the scrotum.
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
  • Damage to the pituitary gland
  • Inadequate blood flow.
  • Inflammation due to disease.
  • Steroid use.

Symptoms of Low T may include:

  • Decreased sexual function and desire
  • Infertility
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Loss of hair
  • Decreased muscle mass
  • Decreased bone density

Testosterone replacement therapy is the most common treatment for Low T.

Replacement therapy can be administered using a variety of methods. These include:

  • Skin patch
  • Injections
  • Buccalsystem – a tablet-shaped patch is applied inside the mouth to the gum area and worn for up to twelve hours
  • Skin gel applied daily

This condition, also known as PCOS, is the most common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. It can cause enlarged ovaries in addition to the development of numerous small cysts along the outer edge of each ovary. The occurrence of PCOS may led to an abnormal menstrual cycle and interfere with a woman’s ability to become pregnant.

  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
  • Acne
  • Weight gain particularly around the abdomen.
  • Baldness or thinning hair
  • Repeat miscarriages.
  • Infertility

Treatment options include regular checkups, healthy lifestyle changes, medication, or surgery.